Neurology news

 

Medtronic acquires Sapiens Steering Brain Stimulation for $200m
Medtronic has announced that it has acquired privately held Dutch company Sapiens Steering Brain Stimulation for approximately $200 million in an all-cash transaction. The deal strengthens Medtronic's capabilities in the modulation of brain function. 2 Sept 2014

Alzheimer's study to look at link to lifestyle and genetics in 1 million people
A global study led by Cardiff University will combine multiple epidemiological studies to explore the relationship between genetics and lifestyle in the development of Alzheimer’s disease and help develop personalised treatments.

Injectable pressure sensor detects full bladders for people suffering neurological disease
A small pressure sensor developed by SINTEF in Norway can help people suffering from a neurological disease that affects control of the bladder and can lead to a life threatening situation. 4 April 2014

Nerve protein in blood shows extent of brain damage following concussion
Elevated blood levels of tau, a nerve cell protein, indicates the extent of brain damage from concussion, according to research at Sahlgrenska Academy in Sweden. 1 April 2014

DDT exposure linked to Alzheimer's
A study by UT Southwestern Medical Center has found that exposure to DDT may lead to Alzheimer’s disease later in life. 19 Feb 2014

Sheffield patient receives pioneering kidney treatment for high blood pressure
A patient at Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust has become one of the first in the world to have pioneering renal denervation therapy to reduce high blood pressure. in a kidney patient whose blood pressure could not be controlled with conventional medication. 4 Feb 2014

Directed ultrasound boosts brains ability in sensory discrimination
Scientists at Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute have demonstrated that ultrasound directed to a specific region of the human brain can boost performance in sensory discrimination. 28 Jan 2014

Pre-clinical study shows prebiotics affect brain chemistry
Prebiotic manufacturer Clasado and the Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford have announced the results of pre-clinical research that demonstrates prebiotics affect the relationship between the gut and the brain. 28 Jan 2014

New evidence for quantum vibrations in brain neurons as basis of consciousness
The recent discovery of quantum vibrations in 'microtubules' inside brain neurons corroborates a controversial 20-year-old theory of consciousness , according to Stuart Hameroff and Sir Roger Penrose in an article in the journal Physics of Life Reviews. 17 Jan 2013

Combining imaging and assessment can predict Alzheimer's two years in advance
A combination of brain analysis by MRI with a neuropsychological assessment can accurately predict whether people with mild cognitive impairment get Alzheimer's disease within two years. 18 Dec 2013

MRI mapping of nerve fibres helps brain surgeons preserve brain function
A novel technique for interpreting MRI scan data produces images of the brain’s nerve network that can guide neurosurgeons to preserve critical brain functions such as vision, speech and memory. 24 Nov 2013

Vagus nerve stimulation via implant improves tinnitus
A small clinical trial has found that treating tinnitus using vagus nerve stimulation-tone therapy is safe and brought significant improvement to some of the participants. 21 Nov 2013

3D video game helps restore muscle function in stroke patients
Researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center have developed a video game so that stroke patients with muscle weakness can have therapy at home to build strength in the affected hand or arm. 18 Nov 2013

Laser treatment could cure Alzheimer's
Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden and the Polish Wroclaw University of Technology, have discovered a technique to distinguish disease-causing proteins in the brain from normal proteins using lasers. 8 Nov 2013

High blood sugar combined with Alzheimer's causes brain damage
High blood-sugar levels damage blood vessels in the brain of Alzheimer's sufferers according to a study at Tulane University published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. 31 Oct 2013

New compound halts Alzheimer's in mice
Researchers at the University of Leicester have discovered an oral treatment that blocks the process causing brain cell death in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alhzheimer's. 10 Oct 2013

Serious delays in diagnosis of Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and MS
Most patients with Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and multiple sclerosis are facing unacceptable delays in diagnosis in Europe, according to research carried out by GE Healthcare. 26 September 2013

3D-printed tubular pump provides alternative to heart transplant
A custom-designed tubular pump for implanting into the aortic artery to support a failing heart is being developed by researchers at Nottingham Trent University and Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust. 11 Sept 2013

Skuldtech secures €1m to develop blood biomarker test for Alzheimer's disease
French biotechnology company Skuldtech has secured €1m in funding from Bpifrance (French public financing structure) to develop a blood biomarker test for Alzheimer's disease. 11 Sept 2013

Spermidine prevents dementia in fruit flies
Feeding fruit flies with the natural cell component spermidine prevents memory impairment, according to research conducted by Freie Universität Berlin and the University of Graz. 1 Sept 2013

Link found between Crohn's disease and RNA enterovirus
A study of a small group of children in Sweden has found a new link between Crohn's disease and an RNA virus that is known to infect the mucosal lining of the intestine. 17 July 2013

Cerus Endovascular secures £600,000 for device to treat brain aneurysms
Cerus Endovascular Ltd has secured investment from The North West Fund for Biomedical to further develop its implantable medical device for treating intracranial aneurysms. 21 May 2013

Novel pain therapy system manages patients with chronic neuropathic pain
A study investigating the safety and performance of Spinal Modulation Inc's Axium Spinal Cord Stimulator System has shown that after six months of treatment patients reported clinically significant pain relief. 21 May 2013

Trigger for onset of Alzheimer's discovered
The chemical changes in the brain that are at the root of diseases such as Alzheimer’s have been mapped in detail for the first time by scientists at the Chemistry Department of Cambridge University. 20 May 2013

New insight on brain cell metabolism during onset of Alzheimer's
Researchers from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have shown, for the first time, how important parts of the nerve cell that are involved in the cell’s energy metabolism operate in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease. 23 April 2013

Common antihistamine could be  treatment for prion diseases
Scientists from the Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) in Florida have  identified a pair of drugs already approved for human use that show anti-prion activity. 23 Apr 2013

Miniature LED implant shines light on workings of mouse brain
A miniature electronic device with LEDs the size of neurons, when implanted in the brain of a genetically altered mouse can stimulate the release of dopamine, a chemical associated with pleasure. 23 April 2013

New probes for connecting with the brain
An international project, NeuroSeeker, aims to develop new probes to measure and analyse signals from individual neurons in the brain. 8 Mar 2013

ASA recommends 60-minute limit for door-to-needle time for stroke sufferers
People having an ischemic stroke should receive clot-dissolving therapy, if appropriate, within 60 minutes of arriving at the hospital, according to new American Stroke Association guidelines. 7 Feb 2013

Hormone produced by moderate exercise could delay onset of Alzheimer's
The discovery, by a team at Nottingham University, may also explain why people who are susceptible to stress are at more risk of developing the disease. 5 Feb 2013

Undetected stroke could cause Parkinson's disease
Small strokes that show no outward symptoms could cause enough damage to the brain to give Parkinson's disease, according to scientists at the University of Manchester. 20 Dec 2012

Diabetes drug may reduce brain damage after stroke
A common antidiabetic drug is a new potential therapy to reduce brain damage following stroke in type 2 diabetic patients, according to a study in mice. 5 Dec 2012

New biomaterials can promote regeneration of brain tissue after injury and disease damage
This allows the generation, within these structures, of new neurons and glia, capable of repairing injured brain tissue caused by trauma, stroke or neurodegenerative disease, among other causes. 3 Dec 2012

National brain injury service directory launched in UK
BrainNav will provide users with a national directory of rehabilitation centres, cognitive therapists, clinics, and other specialist facilities, to help support both them and their carers, and ultimately assist in their recovery process. 30 Nov 2012

Exercise is the best way to keep the brain healthy in old age
People who exercise later in life may better protect their brain from age-related changes than those who do not, MRI scans of the brain shows. 26 Oct 2012

Intermittent binge drinking causes significant brain damage and alcoholism
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute found signs of cognitive impairment similar to that seen in established alcoholism after only a few months of intermittent binge drinking. 16 Oct 2012

High-definition fibre tractography is new tool for brain imaging
High-definition fibre tractography (HDFT) can trace the course of nerve fibre connections within the brain with more accuracy and give a greater understanding of the brain's functional networks. 18 Sept 2012

Diabetes drug could boost memory and help Alzheimer's sufferers
A drug given to diabetes sufferers to control their response to sugar stimulates cell growth in the hippocampus, a part of the brain involved in memory. 17 Sept 2012

Boston Scientific's Precision Plus spinal cord stimulator gains CE mark
The company's Precision Plus spinal cord stimulator (SCS) System for peripheral nerve stimulation for patients with chronic intractable pain of the trunk has received EU approval. 13 Sept 2012

Combining MEG and MRI maps brain electrical activity with high accuracy
Aalto University has developed the world’s first device designed for mapping the human brain that combines whole-head magnetoencephalography (MEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology. 15 Aug 2012

Tracking real-time chemical changes in brain aids treatment of Parkinson's
A novel way to monitor real-time chemical changes in the brains of patients undergoing deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been developed at Mayo Clinic in the US. 15 Aug 2012

EyeBrain researchers move into Brain and Spine Institute
The aim is to foster scientific exchange with ICM researchers and speed up the development of clinical research tools for neurological diseases. 16 July 2012

Chronic inflammation in the brain is precursor to Alzheimer's
Chronic inflammation from infection can predispose the brain to develop Alzheimer’s disease later in life, according to Swiss researchers. 11 July 2012

Miniature magnetic sensor opens new era for neurology
A new type of magnetic field sensor, called a chip-scale atomic magnetometer (CSAM), uses miniaturized optics for measuring absorption changes in a rubidium gas cell caused by magnetic fields. 12 June 2012

MIRSURG project develops table-top laser for minimally invasive brain surgery
The solid-state laser system emits short pulses exactly at 6.45 microns with a repetition rate of 100-200 Hz. It that can cut brain tissue with unprecedented precision and greatly reduced collateral damage. 31 May 2012

IET AF Harvey prize lecture on controlling brain circuits with light
Professor Ed Boyden of the MIT Media Lab and the MIT McGovern Institute will be presenting the Institution of Engineering and Technology AF Harvey Prize lecture on 19 June. 17 May 2012

Key cellular mechanisms behind the onset of tinnitus identified
Research into hearing loss after exposure to loud noises could lead to the first drug treatments to prevent the development of tinnitus. 16 May 2012

New type of stem cell found in the brain
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have discovered a new stem cell in the adult brain. These cells can proliferate and form several different cell types including new brain cells. 30 April 2012

DiaGenic and GE Healthcare to develop blood-based test for early Alzheimer's
The blood-based test will use DiaGenic’s peripheral gene expression profiling in patients with mild cognitive impairment, a disorder associated with risk for Alzheimer’s Disease. 30 Apr 2012

Induced hypothermia protects the brain following stroke
Inducing mild hypothermia can reduce the side effects of treatment for blood clot in the brain following a stroke. 8 Mar 2012

European neurodegenerative disease research strategy launched
The EU Joint Programme in Neurodegenerative Disease Research (JPND) is the first of the European Joint Programming initiatives which are designed to address the ‘grand challenges’ facing EU society. 9 Feb 2012

Measuring brain activity in infants can give early indication of autism
Infants as young as six months can show signs of autism in their brain activity, according to new research conducted at the Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck, University of London. 27 January 2012

MindFrame awarded third patent for Capture LP thrombectomy technology
The company's technology is used to treat ischemic stroke therapy, in which rapid flow restoration and clot retrieval is essential to prevent irreversible deterioration of brain function. 19 Jan 2012

New decision-support tool provides earlier diagnosis in Alzheimer’s disease
The VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a decision support tool for objective diagnostics of Alzheimer’s disease as part of the European PredictAD project. 13 Jan 2012

Alzheimer’s disease produces chemical markers years before symptoms show
These indicators can be analysed by a simple biochemical analysis of a blood serum and used to complement a neurocognitive assessment by a doctor. 18 Dec 2011

EyeBrain’s eye-tracker used in study of levodopa treatment for Parkinson's
EyeBrain Tracker is being used in a clinical trial studying the dyskinesia induced by treating patients suffering from idiopathic Parkinson’s disease with levodopa. 18 Dec 2011

Feature: Inner cooling reduces heart and brain damage after MI, cardiac arrest and stroke
The Philips Inner Cool RTx system provides a rapid method of cooling the body from the inside. The RTx system cools or warms patients with a unique integrated temperature sensor catheter that circulates temperature-controlled fluid within the catheter and adjusts the temperature of the blood near the heart. 17 Dec 2011

New findings contradict plaque formation as cause of Alzheimer’s disease
The new study suggests that it is the neurons’ inability to secrete beta-amyloid that is at the heart of pathogenesis in Alzheimer’s disease. 3 Nov 2011

Cerebrospinal fluid is key to early diagnosis of different types of dementia
Different forms of dementia leave different biochemical fingerprints in the cerebrospinal fluid before any clinical symptoms emerge, researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy in Sweden have discovered. 11 Oct 2011

Brain stents increase risk of stroke and death
Stents inserted in arteries in the brain to reduce to reduce the high risk of repeat strokes have been found instead to significantly increase strokes and deaths. 21 Sept 2011

St Jude gains CE mark for implanted neurostimulation device for migraine
St. Jude Medical, Inc. has received approval for its Genesis implanted PNS device for patients with intractable chronic migraine. 12 Sept 2011

Neurons created from skin cells give hope for Alzheimer's treatment
Columbia University Medical Center researchers have for the first time directly converted human skin cells into functional forebrain neurons, without the need for stem cells of any kind. 19 August 2011

Pipeline embolization device gives new hope for treating complex brain aneurysms
PED gives doctors the ability for the first time to treat some of the most complex and dangerous brain aneurysms using minimally invasive techniques. 4 July 2011

Nasally delivered stem cell treatment for Parkinson’s improves motor control
Stem cells, delivered intranasally, have been found to substantially improve motor function in Parkinson’s disease. 21 Feb 2011

Deep brain stimulation shows promise for treating deep depression
Electrical stimulation of targeted areas in the brain has shown promise for treating patients with the most severe form of depression. 16 Feb 2011

First 3-D map of invertebrate nervous system
A team of neurobiologists from the University of Freiburg has created the first complete map of all axons that use dopamine as a messenger in a vertebrate, in this case a Zebra fish. 14 Feb 2011

An 8.5 degree improvement after Vision Restoration TherapyComputer-based therapy gives dramatic improvement to stroke-based blindness
NovaVision has found that nearly 90% of patients using its therapy cited at least one improvement in functionality and 88% noted a considerable improvement in overall quality of life. 7 Feb 2011

EyeBrain launches eye-tracking device for diagnosis of Parkinson-plus diseases
The device offers early diagnosis for a number of neurological diseases based on eye movements of patients, is non-invasive and costs less than regularly used imaging techniques such as MRI. 7 Feb 2011

GE presents data on Flutemetamol PET imaging agent to detect amyloid plaques
New clinical research data suggests that [18F] Flutemetamol could add value to current diagnostic tools used to provide accurate identification of beta amyloid plaques in the brain. 31 Jan 2011

Underlying cause of Alzheimer's found and new treatments identified
Alzheimer's disease is a disease of synapses and treatments that target this can virtually eliminate other characteristics of the disease, according to a study by the Blanchette Rockefeller Neurosciences Institute. 31 Jan 2011

Boston Scientific acquires deep brain stimulation company Intelect Medical
Boston Scientific is paying $60m for the company which is developing the GUIDE DBS programming system, a system to enable clinicians to visualize stimulation fields in the brain and provide more precise targeting of therapy. 13 Jan 2011

Colour changing crystals indicate potential brain injury from bomb blast
Photonic crystals that change colour on exposure to the blast from an explosion could be used to indicate the potential brain damage to people nearby. 10 Dec 2010

Biological clock affected by season of birth
The season in which babies are born can have a dramatic and persistent effect on how their biological clocks function. It may help explain the fact that people born in winter months have a higher risk of a number of neurological disorders. 9 Dec 2010

Boston Scientific to sell neurovascular business to Stryker for US$1.5bn
The business employs approximately 1,150 people and reported 2009 revenues of US$348 million.

Tissuemed surgical film improves brain surgery outcomes
A study carried out by neurosurgeons at the University of Padova has found that a surgical film developed by Leeds based Tissuemed prevented cerebrospinal fluid leakage following brain surgery. 9 Nov 2010

image of brain nerve structureSoftware to convert MRI scans of brain into three-dimensional maps of nerves
A team of researchers at the Eindhoven University of Technology has developed a software tool that converts MRI scans of the brain into three-dimensional coloured images of nerve structure. making this visible for the first time without having to operate (includes video). 3 Nov 2010

St Jude gains Japanese approval for spinal cord stimulation system
St Jude Medical, Inc. (NYSE:STJ) has received Japanese approval to market its Eon Mini spinal cord stimulation (SCS) system in the country. 1 Oct 2010

Non-pharmacological therapies as effective as drugs for Alzheimer's disease
An international study has for the first time produced strong evidence for the effectiveness of non-pharmacological therapies in improving the lives of Alzheimer's sufferers. 23 Sept 2010

An MRI brain scanBrain scan detects autism in 15 minutes
A new technique can identify autism from MRI scans of the brain in just 15 minutes. Tested so far only in adults, it can identify autism with over 90% accuracy. 11 August 2010

Bee venom toxin leads to new treatment for dementia
Apamin, a toxin found in bee venom that blocks a type of ion channel in the human nervous system, has potential for developing new treatments for neural conditions such as muscular dystrophy, depression and dementia. 12 July 2010

Link found between surgery and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
A causal relationship between the onset of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and general surgery has been found by analysing decades of Danish and Swedish electronic patient records. 12 July 2010

Falls in elderly linked to high blood pressure and blood flow in brain
Falls in elderly people are higher in those with high blood pressure and an inability of the brain blood supply to respond adequately to changing conditions. It shows that basic treatment and exercise could reduce the high numbers of falls and admissions to hospital. 24 May 2010

First EU Joint Programming initiative to tackle Alzheimer’s and Parkinson's disease
Leading researchers from across Europe gathered in Stockholm last week to develop a European-wide research strategy to tackle neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Disease. 20 April 2010

New support programme for Alzheimer's disease sufferers in Europe
A new support programme for patients and carers, called Memory Problems? was launched at the Alzheimer’s Disease International (ADI) Conference this month. 26 March 2010

Faster stroke treatment with application for imaging of blood flow in brain
Siemens Healthcare has developed a new software application that enables the visualisation of parenchymal blood flow during minimally invasive interventions in the brain for the first time. 22 Feb 2010

Brain research finds new appetite-suppressing nutrient
A vitamin-like nutrient called citicoline could be the next weapon in the battle against the obesity epidemic in developed countries. 21 Jan 2010

Mobile phone use may prevent and reverse Alzheimer’s disease
A study with mice has provided the first evidence that long-term exposure to electromagnetic waves associated with mobile phone use may actually protect against, and even reverse, Alzheimer’s disease. 14 Jan 2010

Nexstim’s navigated brain stimulation for neurosurgery planning receives FDA approval
Nexstim Oy, a medical device company has received US FDA appproval for its navigated brain stimulation system for use in the assessment of the primary motor cortex for pre-procedural planning. 17 Dec 2009

First patient in China implanted with rechargeable neurostimulator for chronic pain
A 62-year-old man from Shenzhen, Guangdong province has become the first patient in China to be implanted with St Jude Medical's Eon neurostimulator, a rechargeable device used to help manage chronic pain. 17 Dec 2009

Mathematical modelling enables faster development of electrical stimulation devices customised for patients
The Cleveland FES Center in the US has used model-based design tools to develop technology that more quickly restores movement to individuals with neuromuscular disabilities. 13 Oct 2009

Medtronic launches intraoperative nerve integrity monitors for surgeons
During minimally invasive or traditional open surgery them monitors enable surgeons to identify and confirm motor nerve function and monitor major motor nerves throughout the body, such as cranial nerves in a patient’s head, face and neck. 9 Oct 2009

Electrical nerve stimulation could complement medicinal pain management
A recent study on the short-term effects of high and low-frequency transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on neuropathic pain following spinal chord injury showed that a significant amount of patients can gain benefit from treatment. 5 October 2009

Sigma-Aldrich receives award from The Michael J Fox Foundation to develop clinical research models for Parkinson's disease
Sigma-Aldrich and The Michael J. Fox Foundation have announced a collaboration that is expected to develop more accurate preclinical research models of Parkinson’s disease based on the company's novel CompoZr zinc finger nuclease (ZFN) technology. 2 Oct 2009

Functioning model of human brain could be built within 10 years
A model that replicates the functions of the human brain is feasible in 10 years, according to neuroscientist Professor Henry Markram of the Brain Mind Institute in Switzerland. 21 Sept 2009

First patient implanted with St Jude's Brio neurostimulator
St. Jude Medical, Inc. has announced the first implant of the Brio neurostimulator and the EU approval of the device, which it claims is the world’s smallest, longest-lasting rechargeable deep brain stimulation (DBS) device for treating the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. 10 Sept 2009

NeuroLogica announces FDA clearance for inSPira HD: portable high resolution SPECT
The inSPira HD is a battery-powered, high resolution, portable SPECT designed primarily for brain imaging. 5 Sept 2009

Metal catalysts can block the calcium signalling pathway of neuronsCause of neurological interference by carbon nanotubes discovered
A team of Brown University researchers in the US has found that the cause is the metal catalysts used to form the tubes, especially the metal yttrium. 1 September 2009

Ichor awarded US$3.3m grant to develop DNA-based Alzheimer’s disease vaccine
Ichor Medical Systems of San Diego has been awarded the grant from the US National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) for development of the vaccine and studies required to support eventual initiation of human clinical testing. 20 August 2009

Alzheimer's risk shown by cerebrospinal fluid proteins
A combination of proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid can reliably identify which patients with early symptoms of dementia will subsequently develop full-blown Alzheimer's disease, according to an international study. 20 August 2009

Formal education lessens impact of Alzheimer’s disease
Researchers at the Department of Psychiatry, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München have shown that education diminishes the impact of Alzheimer’s disease on cognition even if a manifest brain volume loss has already occurred. 20 August 2009

Brain's mechanism for understanding words and pictures discovered
For the first time, scientists studying the brain have worked out how words and pictures paint concepts in our minds. The results are important for understanding how perception and memory formation occurs. 7 August 2009

Reading brain signals without inserting electrodes
A University of Utah study shows that brain signals controlling arm movements can be detected accurately using new microelectrodes that sit on the brain but don’t penetrate it. 8 July 2009

A patient prepared for surgery with MR-guided HIFUNon-invasive neurosurgery with focused ultrasound a world first
Ten patients in Zurich, Switzerland, have successfully been given brain surgery using focused ultrasound to kill tumour cells without cutting open the skull.

BRNI and Inverness Medical Innovations to develop commercial skin test to detect early Alzheimer's disease
The Blanchette Rockefeller Neurosciences Institute (BRNI) and Inverness Medical Innovations, Inc. (Inverness, NYSE:IMA) have announced that they will work together to further develop and commercialize a diagnostic test for Alzheimer's disease first discovered by scientists at BRNI. 18 June 2009

Deep brain stimulation improves symptoms of patients with depression
According to the latest data in a clinical study supported by St Jude Medical, Inc., deep brain stimulation therapy for depression may provide sustainable improvement in depression symptoms among patients with major depressive disorder. 10 June 2009

New peptide indicates Alzheimer's disease before brain is damaged
Researchers at Osaka University in Japan have discovered a peptide in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that can show whether a person is developing Alzheimer's disease. Measuring the level of this peptide could show that the disease process has started, long before any serious damage is done to the brain and allow early treatment. 10 June 2009

New rapid cognitive screening test could help diagnose early Alzheimer's
A new cognitive test for detecting Alzheimer's disease is quicker and more accurate than many current tests, and could help diagnose early dementia, according to researchers at Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge. 10 June 2009

Connections between diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease explored
Numerous epidemiological studies have described the incidence of both Alzheimer’s disease and type 2 diabetes in the Western world and extensively defined common environmental risk factors. In a special issue of the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease (April 2009), nineteen contributions examine the possible connections between AD and T2D. 28 May 2009

Dementia in Clinical Practice — a new book
Dementia in Clinical Practice summarizes the most recent advances in the field and provides an updated view of the disorders likely to be encountered in daily practice. 11 May 2009

Autism genes discovery suggests biological reasons for altered neural development
A research team has connected more of the intricate pieces of the autism puzzle, with two studies that identify genes with important contributions to the disorder. 8 May 2009

Commonly used ulcer drugs may offer treatment potential in Alzheimer’s Disease
Scientists at the University of British Columbia have discovered that drugs commonly used to treat ulcers have significant neuroprotective properties, which appear to be enhanced when used in combination with ibuprofen, a widely used anti-inflammatory drug. 24 April 2009

IMEC paves way for multi-electrode deep-brain stimulation
The Belgium-based Interuniversity Microelectronics Centre (IMEC) has presented a new design strategy for brain implants, which it used to create a prototype multi-electrode stimulation and recording probe for deep-brain stimulation. 24 April 2009

Rigorous visual training teaches brain to see again after stroke
By doing a set of vigorous visual exercises on a computer every day for several months, patients who had gone partially blind as a result of suffering a stroke were able to regain some vision. 22 April 2009

First European implants of St Jude Medical's deep brain stimulation system for Parkinson’s Disease. 27 March 2009

23andMe launches Parkinson's disease community for genetics research
23andMe Inc has launched a Parkinson's disease genetics initiative in collaboration with The US Parkinson's Institute and Clinical Center (PI) and The Michael J Fox Foundation (MJFF) and with funding from Google co-founder Sergey Brin. 23 March 2009

Magnetic resonance imaging shows what people store in short-term memory
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), can show what information people are holding in memory based only on patterns of activity in the brain. By analyzing blood-flow activity researcher were able to identify the specific colour or orientation of an object that was intentionally stored by the observer. 15 March 2009

St Jude Medical receives EU approval for neurostimulation system for chronic angina
St Jude Medical's Genesis neurostimulation system is for managing a form of chest pain known as chronic angina pectoris, or chronic angina. It helps to control angina pain by sending mild pulses of electricity from a device implanted in the torso to nerves located along the spinal cord. 12 March 2009

Novel way to stimulate immune system reduces amyloid deposits in mice with Alzheimer’s
A novel way to stimulate the immune system of mice with Alzheimer's disease (AD) led to reduced amyloid deposits and the prevention of Alzheimer's disease related pathology without causing toxic side effects. 22 February 2009

Training the brain to avoid falls
Training people to avoid falls by repeatedly exposing them to unstable situations in the laboratory helped them to later maintain their balance on a slippery floor. The research could eventually help people, including the elderly, for whom falling is an important health issue. 21 February 2009

Brain region controlling sociability identified
A combination of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and measurement of brain electrical activity in a study of brain function has enabled researchers to trace sociability to the amygdala region of the brain. 9 February 2009

BioGenes designated partner in EU-funded dementia project
BioGenes GmbH has been chosen as a new partner of cNEUPRO. an EU-funded research project to analyse neurodegenerative diseases and discover novel biomarkers. 4 February 2009

St Jude's Libra deep brain stimulation systems for Parkinson’s disease gains EU approval
St Jude Medical has received the European CE Mark approval for its Libra and LibraXP deep brain stimulation (DBS) systems, the company's first products in the DBS market. 31 January 2009

Nerves growing towards magnetic nanotubesNanotubes for treating neurodegenerative disorders
Magnetic nanotubes combined with nerve growth factor can enable specific cells to differentiate into neurons, according to electrical engineering researchers at the University of Arkansas. 25 January 2009

Nerve regenerating towards a devered nerveWorm gene gives hope for restoring injured nerves
University of Utah scientists have identified a worm gene that is essential for damaged nerve cells to regenerate, and have shown that they could speed nerve regeneration by over-activating the gene. This could be a step toward new treatments for nerves injured by trauma or disease. 25 January 2009

Deep brain stimulation treatment improves movement skills in Parkinson's sufferers
Patients with advanced Parkinson disease (PD) who received deep brain stimulation treatment had more improvement in movement skills and quality of life after six months than patients who received other medical therapy. 15 January 2009

Discovery of new link between inflammation and Alzheimer's disease opens way for new treatments
Researchers at the Roskamp Institute in the US have uncovered a new link between inflammation and Alzheimer's disease and have identified a potential target for developing novel therapeutics for intervention in this disease. 12 January 2009

Neuromonics awarded $1m to study tinnitus treatment for soldiers
Neuromonics, Inc. has been awarded $1 million from the US Department of Defense to study the treatment of tinnitus among military service members. Tinnitus is one of the top medical complaints for soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan, primarily due to excessive noise exposure during combat. 7 January 2009

NeuroNexus Technologies and Philips partner to develop deep brain stimulation devices
The partnership combines Philips Research’s strengths in microelectronics, signal processing, ultra-low power system design and miniaturization with NeuroNexus Technologies’ expertise in micro-scale electrode design and fabrication. The first aim is to develop a device to treat parkinson's disease. 4 December 2008

Neurostimulation provides sustained leg pain relief and improved quality of life
New data from a study published in the journal Neurosurgery show that spinal cord stimulation (neurostimulation therapy) provides sustained, significant improvement in otherwise intractable, chronic leg pain, quality of life and functional capacity out to 24 months of therapy. 20 November 2008

Statin drugs reduce risk of Alzheimer’s disease
A long-term study in the Netherlands has found that older men and women who took statin drugs had a lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease. The study was part of the Rotterdam Study, a long-term prospective study of factors that determine the occurrence of common diseases of the elderly, such as heart disease and Alzheimer’s disease. 12 November 2008

Alzheimer Research Forum releases overview of Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative
The Alzheimer Research Forum (Alzforum), an authoritative Web resource, is releasing a six-part series on the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), the largest study ever to fill a central knowledge gap in the Alzheimer disease field. 2 November 2008

Optics meets medicine at US Optical Society meeting
A few of the many technical highlights to be discussed at the meeting: a new look at mini-strokes; a potential new tool for brain surgeons; new technique for mapping blood supply in retina increases safety and comfort of exams; the optics of Alzheimer's disease; potential non-invasive optical detection of pancreatic cancer; the neuron microscope, treating bone cancer and futuristic lighting at FiO. 16 October 2008

Parachute accident victim implanted with mini neurostimulator to treat chronic pain
St Jude Medical has announced the first patient implant of its Eon Mini neurostimulator. Weighing just 29 gms it is designed to treat chronic pain of the trunk or limbs and pain from failed back surgery. 27 September 2008

Brain scans show optimal times for multitasking
Multitasking has become an increasingly necessary part of our daily lives, but it is a notoriously inefficient way of working. However, a new brain imaging study finds that there are optimal times when we are better suited to multitask. 17 September 2008

Treatment of hypertension a key factor in the prevention of dementia
Treatment of hypertension has been proved to reduce cardiovascular risk substantially, but a large proportion of people with hypertension in the general population are not even diagnosed or treated, writes Professor Ingmar Skoog, of the Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Göteborg University, Sweden. 8 September 2008

Variant of mad cow disease may be transmitted by blood transfusions The risk of transmitting bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, commonly known as 'mad cow disease') by blood transfusion is surprisingly high, according to a nine-year study in sheep conducted at the University of Edinburgh. 6 September 2008

First data from study of occipital nerve stimulation to control chronic migraine
Data from a multi-centre study using neurostimulation of the occipital nerves as a potential approach to treating medically refractory chronic migraines was presented at the annual scientific meeting of the American Headache Society (AHS) in June. 7 July 2008

Brain imaging identifies ways to help stroke patients regain speech
An important breakthrough in understanding how the brain works could help stroke patients to regain their speech. The new study shows that brains of stroke sufferers may have to 'relearn' how to put together different types of information in order to understand speech by using different parts of the brain to compensate for damaged areas. 6 June 2008

St Jude awarded patent for neurostimulation therapy for depression
St Jude Medical, Inc. has been awarded a US patent for treating depression using neurostimulation therapy in an area of the brain known as Brodmann Area 25. The company is also evaluating whether deep brain stimulation (DBS) therapy can help people who suffer from major depressive disorder. 29 April 2008

Accelerated Cure Project for Multiple Sclerosis collects 1000 blood samples for collaborative research
The Accelerated Cure Project for Multiple Sclerosis has completed a drive to collect one thousand blood and data samples to build the largest openly accessible, multidisciplinary repository ever assembled for use in multiple sclerosis (MS) research. 29 April 2008

St Jude Medical gains US and EU approval for mini 10-year rechargeable  neurostimulator
St Jude Medical, Inc. has gained approval for its Eon Mini implantable neurostimulator to treat chronic pain. It is 10 mm thick, weighs 29 grams and has a battery life of 10 years between recharges. 18 April 2008

Smiths Medical to distribute Life-Tech’s nerve-stimulating catheters
Smiths Medical will distribute the catheters as an addition to their current line of peripheral nerve-block products. Stimulating catheters are used for continuous peripheral nerve blocks in orthopaedic procedures to the shoulder and knee. 28 February 2008

Computers better at diagnosing Alzheimer's disease from MR scans of the brain
A study led by scientists at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at University College London has shown that computers can be cheaper, faster and more accurate than experts at identifying signs of Alzheimers from MR scans of the brain. 27 February 2008

Cambridge research team close to breakthrough in repairing spinal injuries
The Centre for Brain Repair research team believes it is close to a clinical treatment that could allow nerve fibres to regenerate within the spinal cord and also encourage remaining nerve fibres to work more effectively. 21 February 2008

St Jude Medical announces clinical study of deep brain stimulation for depression
St Jude Medical will begin enrollment in a clinical study of electrical stimulation of the brain's Brodmann area 25 for treating major depressive disorder in patients for whom currently-available treatments are not effective. 16 February 2008

Infrared light may reverse dementia and memory loss
Researchers at the University of Sunderland have shown that regular exposure to low-level infra-red light can improve learning performance and trigger regeneration of the cognitive function of the brain. 25 January 2008

Brain imaging of autistic children shows malfunctioning grey matter
A novel imaging technique has been used to discover malfunctioning grey matter in autistic children in the brain areas that govern social processing and learning by observation. 10 January 2008

MR brain imaging discovers blue light affects memory and alertness
Researchers at the University of Liege, Belgium, and the University of Surrey, UK, have used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to discover a previously unknown affect of light on the brain. They have shown that blue light can affect basic functions of the human brain such as alertness, memory, emotion and cognitive tasks. 12 December 2007

London neuroimaging centre boosts brain research with Siemens 1.5 Tesla MR scanner
The Birkbeck/University College London Centre for NeuroImaging (BUCNI) has boosted its research capabilities with the new scanner, which enables observation of activity in the brain non-invasively and will enhance understanding of human cognition and behaviour.

Brain scans show gene therapy normalizes brain function in Parkinson's patients
PET scans of the brains of Parkinson's patients given an experimental gene therapy to improve muscular control showed that the treatment worked and had lasting results. 26 November

Early detection is essential to preserving memory in Alzheimer's patients
Fear of Alzheimer's disease often results in delayed diagnosis and treatment, which can negatively impact care. 13 November 2007

The top 10 neuroscience trends of 2007
The Neurotechnology Industry Organization (NIO) has announced the top ten emerging areas of neuroscience that will impact the future of treatments for brain and nervous system. 13 November 2007

difference in cortical atrophy between mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's3D MRI imaging highlights brain atrophy in Alzheimer's patients
Researchers at UCLA have used an advanced 3D mapping technique to analyse magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data to highlight the differences in brain atrophy between mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. 30 October

Mobile phone users show slowed brain activity
Frequent mobile phone use slows brain function, according to a recent study, but they also showed better focused attention. No firm conclusions can be drawn as to whether these effects are to be considered an adverse health effect or not. 1 October 2007

3D image of fruit flyFruit fly imaging aids research into Alzheimer's
Scientists at the UK Medical Research Council (MRC) have developed optical imaging technology that can generate 3D internal images of the fruit fly for the first time. Due to the similarity between fly and human genes, the technique could help to speed up genetic research into Alzheimer’s and other human diseases that affect brain cells. 18 September 2007

New technique allows scans of babies' brains with infrared light
An improved technique that uses infrared light to scan the brain using a head cap will enable infants to be scanned for studying brain development or for assessing brain injury. 7 September

MindWeavers to launch software to improve brain function
MindWeavers, a spin-out company from the University of Oxford, is launching a series of 'brain exercise' computer game products after securing £558,000 of new investment capital. 21 August 2007

Miniature device implanted in brain could monitor and treat epilepsy
Purdue University researchers have developed a tiny transmitter three times the width of a human hair to be implanted below the scalp to detect the signs of an epileptic seizure before it occurs. 15 August 2007

Role of environmental factors in Parkinson's disease highlights need for early diagnostic test
Environmental factors cause 95% of cases of Parkinson's disease and its onset can be delayed by antioxidants. This means early identification and treatment with antioxidants could greatly help sufferers by preventing or reducing the damage caused by the disease. 17 July 2007

Philips and UKE develop computer-aided diagnosis of PET and MRI brain scans
The University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE) and Royal Philips Electronics have developed software for computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) of PET and MRI imaging of the brain to aid the identification of neurodegenerative diseases. 11 July 2007

CARS imaging shows calcium ions may have role in multiple sclerosis
Researchers at Purdue University have discovered that calcium ions could play a crucial role in multiple sclerosis by activating enzymes that degrade the fatty sheath that insulates nerve fibres. 11 July 2007

DiaGenic developing blood test for Alzheimer’s disease
Using peripheral blood as an easy-to-collect sample, the test detects a 'gene signature' of the disease. 11 June 2007

Neurotechnology industry revenues reach $120.5 billion
A survey of the neurotechnology industry has found that total revenues from pharmaceuticals, devices and diagnostics reached $120bn in 2006. 4 June 2007

Dual EEG recording interaction between two peopleDual EEG study discovers new brain rhythm during social interaction
The discovery of a new brain neuromarker may prove to be a sensitive probe of neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism and schizophrenia where the inability to have harmonious social interactions is problematic. This research also opens up untapped possibilities to identify the neural mechanisms of real-time social behaviour between humans. 22 May 2007

Robotic exoskeleton helps regain limb function
A robotic exoskeleton controlled by nerve signals could help people with partial nervous system impairment regain limb function. 27 Feb 2007

Computer model of brain's visual processing could lead to better image analysis and robot vision
A new computer model of how the brain processes visual information has surprised researchers at its power. Developed as a tool for neuroscientists it could now have applications in surveillance and automobile driver’s assistance, visual search engines, biomedical imaging analysis, and robots with realistic vision. 22 February 2007

Advanced Neuromodulation Systems receives European approval
for pain-control device
.
The Rapid Programmer 3.0 allows fine control of electrical stimulation of selected nerve fibres in the spinal chord to manage chronic pain. 18 Jan 2006

Neurological movement disorder substantially reduced by deep brain stimulation therapy
An implantable medical device sending mild electrical pulses to precisely-targeted areas of the brain involved in motor control can provide significant and sustained benefits to people with a disabling form of a neurological movement disorder called dystonia. 15 Nov 2006

Carbon nanotubes bridge nerve cells and electronics
Carbon nanotubes that connect nerve cells to electronic circuits may lead to new implantable biomedical devices that can act as artificial nerve cells, control severe pain, or allow otherwise paralyzed muscles to be moved. 14 Nov 2006

Boston Scientific receives EU clearance for new lead for electrical pain-relief device
The surgical or "paddle" lead potentially expands the application of the company's neurostimulation technology to an additional 20% of people with chronic pain of the limbs, back or trunk. 7 Nov 2006

Manchester backache sufferers wanted for ultrasound study
University of Manchester researchers are recruiting people with backache caused by nerve root pain — commonly known as sciatica — in the first ever study to discover if therapeutic ultrasound can help their condition. 3 Nov 2006

Brain–computer interface offers paralyzed patients improved quality of life
A brain–computer interface installed early enough in patients with neuron-destroying diseases can enable them to be taught to communicate through an electronic device and slow destruction of the nervous system. 3 Nov 2006

Elekta wins order for 3-D brain mapping MEG technology from Max Planck Institute
The Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Science (MPI CBS) in Leipzig, Germany has ordered an Elekta Neuromag magnetoencephalography (MEG) system. MEG offers functional mapping information and measurement of brain activity in real time. 16 Oct 2006

Spinal cord stimulation gives significant improvement in pain relief for chronic pain sufferers
An international multicentre study shows that neurostimulation in combination with conventional medical management is significantly more effective than conventional medical management alone for patients suffering from persistent leg and back pain despite anatomically successful spine surgery. 6 Oct 2006. Español  Deutsch

ANS receives Australian approval for rechargeable chronic pain system
Advanced Neuromodulation Systems (ANS) has received regulatory approval from the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) for its Eon rechargeable neurostimulation system. Patients at the Royal North Shore Hospital in Sydney are among first to be implanted with the device. 6 Oct 2006

High definition videoconferencing for remote neurosurgery training
High definition videoconferencing systems have been used in a ground-breaking way to deliver a trainee surgeons’ workshop based on a live operation at the autumn conference of The Society of British Neurological Surgeons (SNBS). 22 Sept 2006

Elekta to deliver latest brain radiosurgery system  to University of Virginia. 13 Sept 2006

Deep brain stimulation benefits advanced Parkinson's disease
Medtronic's Activa deep brain stimulation therapy combined with medication has been found to be significantly more effective than medication alone in treating motor symptoms of advanced Parkinson's disease. 1 Sept 2006

Parkinson’s disease patients benefit from expert management of deep brain stimulation
Patients with Parkinson’s disease who are undergoing deep brain stimulation treatment may benefit from the direct involvement of a neurologist with expertise both in movement disorders and in deep brain stimulation. 23 July 2006

Microchip in brain enables thoughts to control computer
A study on people with severe paralysis has found that signals in the area of the brain responsible for voluntary movement can be picked up by a microchip embedded in the brain, transmitted to a computer and converted into simple actions.  21 July 2006

Mobile phone radiation affects brain cortex
Electromagnetic fields from mobile phones excite the brain cortex nearby, with potential implications for people with epilepsy or other neurological conditions, according to an article in the Annals of Neurology. 5 July 2006

Magnetic pulse device relieves migraine pain
An electronic device that sends a magnetic pulse into the brain has been shown to be effective in reducing the effects of migraine. A short intense magnetic field creates an electric current in the neurons of the brain, interrupting the migraine aura before it results in a throbbing headache. 29 June 2006

Leiden and Utrecht Universities choose Philips 7 Tesla MRI scanner for advanced neurological disease research
The contracts are part of a project to establish a Dutch Virtual Institute for Seven Tesla Applications (VISTA) to improve understanding of neurological diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Epilepsy and Multiple Sclerosis. 8 June 2006

The ANS Eon neurostimulation system uses electrical impulses to trigger nerve fibres along the spinal chordEU approval and first European implant for ANS neurostimulation system
The Eon Neurostimulation System helps patients manage chronic, intractable pain by using low-intensity electrical impulses to selectively trigger nerve fibres along the spinal cord. 19 May 2006

The Elekta Neuromag magnetoencephalography scanner. Photo: ElektaElekta to supply 3-D brain mapping device to Cambridge brain science unit
Swedish company Elekta has won a tender to deliver its Elekta Neuromag, a magneto-encephalography (MEG) scanner for the non-invasive registration of nerve cell activity in the brain to the the MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit (MRC CBU) in Cambridge, UK. 1 May 2006

Medtronic announces clinical trials strategy for neurological and urological therapies
Medtronic will invest in at least six new major clinical trials of therapies that use its neuromodulation or radiofrequency technology to treat a range of neurological and urological conditions such as Parkinson's disease, depression, chronic pain, severe spasticity. 1 May 2006

Electrical stimulation of brain boosts stroke recovery
Sending tiny electric pulses to a part of the brain controlling motor function helps ischemic stroke survivors regain partial use of a weakened hand, according to a study by Oregon Health & Science University. 30 March 2006

NDI Medical forms business unit to promote neurostimulation products
The manufacturer of neurostimulation products for the medical device industry has formed a new business unit to help companies and researchers develop and market neurostimulation products for neurological and cardiac applications. 27 February 2006

Deep brain stimulation of locomotor region can help Parkinson's sufferers
The part of the brain that plays an important role in the initiation and maintenance of walking behaviour can be safely stimulated to improve postural stability and gait, according to a recent NeuroReport article. 21 November 2005

MRI shows blood flow to brain may play key role in dementia
The amount of blood flowing into the brain may play a larger role in the development of dementia than previously believed, according to a study by researchers at Leiden University in the Netherlands.
4 October 2005

Medtronic acquires Image-Guided Neurologics to improve deep brain stimulation surgery
Medtronic has acquired Image-Guided Neurologics (IGN) of Melbourne, Florida, a privately held company that specialises in precision navigation and delivery technologies for brain surgery. The IGN product line strengthens Medtronic’s leadership position in deep brain stimulation. 4 September 2005

Brain pacemaker developers win Erwin Schrödinger Prize
Researchers from Cologne University and the Jülich Research Centre have won the 2005 Erwin Schrödinger Prize for the development of a brain pacemaker for treating neurological disorders. 14 August 2005

Research into Alzheimer's and Parkinson's boosted by Harvard collaboration with GE Healthcare
The Harvard Center for Neurodegeneration & Repair (HCNR) will use GE Healthcare’s state-of-the-art cellular imaging system, the IN Cell Analyzer, to research the human central nervous system and neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease.  12 August 2005

Implantable pain therapy device receives FDA approval
The SynergyPlus+ is the newest "pain pacemaker" to join Medtronic's family of implantable chronic pain therapies. It was designed to give patients more control over the delivery of stimulation that blocks pain signals from reaching the brain while performing a variety of daily activities. 4 July 2005

GE's next-generation CT scanner gives rapid imaging of blood vessels in brain and aids stroke diagnosis
GE Healthcare's LightSpeed VCT, is being used to image the brains of stroke patients at University of Michigan Health System (U-M). Its speed and resolution enable rapid examination of blood vessels in the brain (perfusion studies), to provide information to help make an accurate and timely diagnosis of stroke, and to help determine the extent of stroke damage. 2 June 2005

IVMD announces commercial agreement on new diagnostic product for schizophrenia
In Veritas has signed a commercial agreement on a joint project with The Ness Foundation, to develop a low cost, non-invasive diagnostic product for the early and effective detection of mental illness. 2 June 2005

Medtronic receives FDA approval for rechargeable neurostimulation system
It is a new treatment option for people suffering from complex, difficult-to-treat chronic pain, and those requiring high-power stimulation for pain relief. April 2005

Deep brain stimulation device could help treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder.
The US FDA has designated Medtronic's Activa Deep Brain Stimulation Therapy as a Humanitarian Use Device for the treatment of chronic, treatment-resistant obsessive compulsive disorder. March 2005

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