Lungs awaiting transplant preserved 11 hours outside body at
16 October 2013
A transplant team at University Hospitals Leuven has successfully
preserved a set of donor lungs for over eleven hours while waiting
for completion of the patient's emergency liver transplant.
The world record preservation time was achieved with the help of
a machine, the OCS Lung, that provided continual flushing and oxygen
at room temperature, replacing the usual ice preservation.
The patient has since left the hospital and is in good
health. The patient, who suffered from chronic lung failure,
developed sudden acute liver problems and went into a coma. This
gave the surgical team the only option of doing a combined lung and liver transplant.
The OCS Lung machine continually flushes and
oxygenates donor lungs at room temperature.
Such double transplants pose a serious timing problem, says Dr.
Dirk Van Raemdonck, who helped perform the surgery: "Normally, the
lung transplant is carried out before the liver transplant. A donor
lung typically can only be preserved outside the body for a maximum
of ten hours. And a lung transplant can only be successful if the
liver is still working properly. That is why we needed to transplant
the liver before the lungs for this patient. To keep the donor lungs
in good shape long enough after removal from the donor and prior to
transplantation, our medical team used a new preservation technique.
"The machine enabled us to keep the lungs outside the body for
more than eleven hours with no negative effects, the longest period
ever reported – a world first."
The machine also provides an analysis of lung quality and can
even improve lung function in anticipation of the transplant. A
similar machine already exists for kidneys and results show that
older kidneys preserved using that machine functioned better
immediately after transplantation than kidneys preserved on ice did.
Currently, however, the new technique is not being reimbursed by
insurance providers. The technique is being used only in special
cases. Costs for this transplantation were covered entirely by
University Hospitals Leuven and the maker of the machine.
The combined lung and liver transplant was performed last July by
University Hospitals Leuven's multidisciplinary transplant team,
which includes specialists in hepatology, abdominal transplant
surgery, pneumology and thoracic surgery.