New EU-funded projects to find new cures for tuberculosis
28 March 2011
To mark World Tuberculosis Day the European Commission has announced that it is supporting projects aimed at finding new cures for the disease.
Tuberculosis kills nearly two million people each year worldwide and no new drugs have been developed for almost 50 years.
Since the beginning of the 7th Framework Programme for Research in 2007, €51 million has been invested in over 13 transnational collaborative projects. Most of these projects have addressed the complex interaction between the causative agent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and the human host, or are developing new diagnostic tools and new vaccine candidates to fight tuberculosis.
Recently three more projects have started, including one funded by the European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP), which is supported by the EC. They will also focus on developing new drugs which could make the shorter treatment of tuberculosis a reality.
Generating new candidate drugs
New drugs for an old disease require novel ideas. Under the Seventh Framework Programme for research, the European Commission provides support for the most innovative approaches to combat the disease effectively. Two new research projects funded by the European Union started in 2011:
Together, these projects will make a significant effort towards shortening the treatment regimen of tuberculosis. They combine the knowledge of the best academic research groups in Europe with industrial expertise from SMEs and big pharmaceutical companies.
Testing candidate drugs: a promising clinical trial
EDCTP, which the European Commission supports, is funding the Pan-African Consortium for Evaluation of Anti-tuberculosis Antibiotics (PanACEA), an African-European research collaboration aiming to shorten and simplify treatment of tuberculosis.
This consortium is conducting regulatory standard Phase II and III clinical trials for anti-tuberculosis drugs regimens containing SQ109, Moxifloxacin and high dose Rifamycin. The molecule SQ109 is one of the most promising tuberculosis drugs to enter advanced clinical testing in recent years. It could simplify and shorten the duration of tuberculosis treatment and decrease disease recurrence.
The European Union is supporting collaborative research on tuberculosis through the Seventh Framework Programme for Research (FP7, 2007-2013). It covers the full spectrum of research, from basic molecular research through preclinical tests and proof-of-principle. It also contributes to the European & Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP).
EDCTP was created in 2003 by the European Union as a response to the global health crisis caused by the three main poverty-related diseases of HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. It aims to accelerate the development of new or improved drugs, vaccines and microbicides with a focus on phase II and III clinical trials in sub-Saharan Africa.
It unites 16 European countries with sub-Saharan African countries. So far, the EDCTP has earmarked support to 18 tuberculosis trials with a total budget of €99.41 million, of which €38.75 million was contributed by the European Commission.